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PHP DivisionByZeroError 用法 手册 | 示例代码

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DivisionByZeroError

(PHP 7, PHP 8)

简介

DivisionByZeroError 当除数为零时被抛出。

类摘要

DivisionByZeroError extends ArithmeticError {
/* 继承的属性 */
protected string $message;
protected int $code;
protected string $file;
protected int $line;
/* 继承的方法 */
final public Error::getMessage(): string
final public Error::getCode(): mixed
final public Error::getFile(): string
final public Error::getLine(): int
final public Error::getTrace(): array
final public Error::getTraceAsString(): string
public Error::__toString(): string
final private Error::__clone(): void

}

用户贡献的笔记

salsi at icosaedro dot it

Note that on division by zero 1/0 and module by zero 1%0 an E_WARNING is triggered first (probably for backward compatibility with PHP5), then the DivisionByZeroError exception is thrown next.

The result is, for example, that if you set the maximum level of error detection with error_level(-1) and you also map errors to exception, say ErrorException, then on division by zero only this latter exception is thrown reporting "Division by zero". The result is that a code like this:

<?php
// Set a safe environment:
error_reporting(-1);

// Maps errors to ErrorException.
function my_error_handler($errno, $message)
{ throw new
ErrorException($message); }

try {
    echo 1/0;
}
catch(
ErrorException $e){
    echo
"got $e";
}
?>

allows to detect such error in the same way under PHP5 and PHP7, although the DivisionByZeroError exception is masked off by ErrorException.

8ctopus

Use of arithmetic operator / does not throw an exception in php 7, while it does in php 8.

<?php

try {
    echo
intdiv(2, 0);
} catch (
DivisionByZeroError $e) {
    echo
"Caught DivisionByZeroError!n";
}

try {
    echo (2 / 0);
} catch (
DivisionByZeroError $e) {
    echo
"Caught DivisionByZeroError!n";
}
?>

# php 7
$ php test.php
caught division by zero for intdiv()
PHP Warning:  Division by zero in test.php on line 10
PHP Stack trace:
PHP   1. {main}() test.php:0

Warning: Division by zero in test.php on line 10

Call Stack:
    0.0740     417272   1. {main}() test.php:0

# php 8
$ php test.php

caught division by zero for intdiv()
caught division by zero for /

Alex

This error is thrown only for integer division - this is when using "intdiv" function or "%" operator. In all cases you will get an E_WARNING when dividing by zero.

Manjunath

<?php
class MathOperation extends Error
{
    protected
$n = 10;

    // Try to get the Division by Zero error object and display as Exception
   
public function doArithmeticOperation(): string
   
{
        try {
           
$value = $this->n % 0;
        } catch (
DivisionByZeroError $e) {
            return
$e->getMessage();
        }
    }
}

$mathOperationObj = new MathOperation();
echo
$mathOperationObj->doArithmeticOperation();

转载请注明:悠然品鉴 » PHP DivisionByZeroError 用法 手册 | 示例代码

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